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  1. The economic costs of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs in Canada, 1992.

    Article - En anglais

    Aims, design and setting

    The economic costs of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs to Canadian society in 1992 are estimated utilizing a cost-of-illness framework and recently developed international guidelines.

    Measurements

    For causes of disease or death (using ICD-9 categories), pooled relative risk estimates from meta-analyses are combined with prevalence data by age, gender and province to derive the proportion attributable to alcohol, tobacco and/or illicit drugs.

    The resulting estimates of attributable deaths and hospitalizations are used to calculate associated health care, law enforcement, productivity and other costs.

    The results are compared with other studies, and sensitivity analyses are conducted on alternative measures of alcohol consumption, alternative discount rates for productivity costs and the use of diagnostic-specific hospitalization costs.

    Findings

    The misuse of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs cost more than $18.4 billion in Canada in 1992, representing $649 per capita or 2. 7% of GDP.

    Alcohol accounts for approximately $7.52 billion in costs, including $4.14 billion for lost productivity, $1.36 billion for law enforcement and $1.30 billion in direct health care costs.

    Tobacco accounts for approximately $9.56 billion in costs, including $6.82 billion for lost productivity and $2. 68 billion for direct health care costs.

    The economic costs of illicit drugs are estimated at $1.4 billion. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Tabac, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Complication, Mortalité, Dépendance, Santé mentale, Homme, Abus, Drogue illicite

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Tobacco, Cost analysis, Health economy, Canada, North America, America, Complication, Mortality, Dependence, Mental health, Human, Abuse, Illicit drug

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0395630

    Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 25/01/1999.