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  1. General practitioners'role in preventive medicine : scenario analysis using smoking as a case study.

    Article - En anglais


    It is the purpose of this paper to develop a model which may be used in conjunction with scenario analysis to evaluate strategies which are available to assist the general practitioner (GP) in reducing smoking behaviour among their patients.


    The scenario analysis uses a four-step procedure which involves identifying opportunities for detection, intervention and efficacy, and assigning probabilities to outcomes to enable a range of prevention strategies to be examined in both isolation and in combination.

    Setting and participants

    This study deals specifically with Australian general practice and the model is derived by using information for a smoker visiting their GP within a 6-month period together with empirical evidence on the rates of detection, intervention and efficacy.


    The outcome measures, which are evaluated in terms of marginal effectiveness, include the number of smoking patients detected, the number of smoking patients offered an intervention, the number of smoker patients who quit as a result of the intervention and the additional years of life saved due to an intervention.


    The most significant indicator for reducing smoking rates among patients is improving the efficacy of interventions. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Sevrage toxique, Traitement, Médecin généraliste, Rôle thérapeutique, Rôle professionnel, Prévention, Promotion santé, Santé mentale, Australie, Océanie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Poison withdrawal, Treatment, General practitioner, Therapeutic role, Occupational role, Prevention, Health promotion, Mental health, Australia, Oceania, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0395613

    Code Inist : 002B18H04. Création : 25/01/1999.