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  1. Life-time prevalence and risk factors of tobacco/nicotine dependence in male ever-smokers in Japan.

    Article - En anglais

    Aims

    To estimate the life-time prevalence rate of tobacco/nicotine dependence and demographic variables and smoking habits associated with the disorder in male ever-smokers in Japan.

    Design

    A cross-sectional community-based interview study.

    Setting

    Takayama city, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.

    Participants

    A total of 170 male ever-smokers aged 35 years or older selected randomly from a community in Japan were interviewed.

    The response rate was 85%. Measurements.

    The WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to make diagnoses of to bacco/nicotine dependence according to ICD-10, DSM-III-R and DSM-IV.

    The Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) was also administered and those who had a FTQ score of 7 or above were identified.

    Findings

    The life-time prevalence rates of tobacco/nicotine dependence in male ever-smokers were 42%, 26% and 32% according to ICD-10, DSM-III-R and DSM-IV criteria, respectively ; 19% had a FTQ score of 7 or above.

    The ICD-10 diagnosis was significantly and negatively associated with quitting smoking (p<0.05).

    Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that number of cigarettes per day when they smoked the most was significantly associated with higher life-time risks of the disorder according to DSM-III-R, DSM-1 V and Fagerstrom's classification (p<0. 05). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Dépendance, Nicotine, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Japon, Asie, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Mâle, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Dependence, Nicotine, Prevalence, Risk factor, Japan, Asia, Epidemiology, Mental health, Male, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0395248

    Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 25/01/1999.