Life-time prevalence and risk factors of tobacco/nicotine dependence in male ever-smokers in Japan.
To estimate the life-time prevalence rate of tobacco/nicotine dependence and demographic variables and smoking habits associated with the disorder in male ever-smokers in Japan.
A cross-sectional community-based interview study.
Takayama city, Gifu Prefecture, Japan.
A total of 170 male ever-smokers aged 35 years or older selected randomly from a community in Japan were interviewed.
The response rate was 85%. Measurements.
The WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to make diagnoses of to bacco/nicotine dependence according to ICD-10, DSM-III-R and DSM-IV.
The Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) was also administered and those who had a FTQ score of 7 or above were identified.
The life-time prevalence rates of tobacco/nicotine dependence in male ever-smokers were 42%, 26% and 32% according to ICD-10, DSM-III-R and DSM-IV criteria, respectively ; 19% had a FTQ score of 7 or above.
The ICD-10 diagnosis was significantly and negatively associated with quitting smoking (p<0.05).
Multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that number of cigarettes per day when they smoked the most was significantly associated with higher life-time risks of the disorder according to DSM-III-R, DSM-1 V and Fagerstrom's classification (p<0. 05). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Dépendance, Nicotine, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Japon, Asie, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Mâle, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Dependence, Nicotine, Prevalence, Risk factor, Japan, Asia, Epidemiology, Mental health, Male, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0395248
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 25/01/1999.