A pilot study on acceptability of voluntary HIV testing with counselling was performed in a rural village in Kagera, Tanzania as a potential intervention against'HIV transmission.
Village residents were prepared by their leaders and subsequently invited to health education group meetings to volunteer for the test.
Consenting individuals were interviewed to determine awareness and acceptance of the offer followed by pre-test counselling and taking of a blood sample for subsequent HIV testing.
Two months later, the results of the test were returned with post-test counselling coupled with a short interview of a random sample of adults in the village.
Of the 245 adults responding to the call, 137 (55.9%) subsequently volunteered.
The main reason for volunteering was to know the HIV status (96%). Among those who were aware of the offer, the main reason for not volunteering was that they felt unlikely to catch AIDS, implying that they had a false perception of being at low risk.
In this study a significant proportion were willing to volunteer for the HIV test and to receive the results, indicating a moderate level of acceptability.
The results also indicate the need for developing innovative ways of enhancing acceptability of voluntary HIV testing with counselling. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Education santé, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Dépistage, Attitude, Milieu rural, Environnement social, Tanzanie, Afrique, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Health education, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Medical screening, Attitude, Rural environment, Social environment, Tanzania, Africa, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0395146
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 25/01/1999.