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  1. Prevalence of intimate partner abuse in women treated at community hospital emergency departments.

    Article - En anglais

    Context. - The majority of prior studies examining intimate partner abuse in the emergency department (ED) setting have been conducted in large, urban tertiary care settings and may not reflect the experiences of women seen at community hospital EDs, which treat the majority of ED patients in the United States.


    - To determine the prevalence of intimate partner abuse among female patients presenting for treatment in community hospital EDs and describe their characteristics.


    - An anonymous survey conducted from 1995 through 1997 inquiring about physical, sexual, and emotional abuse.


    - Eleven community EDs in Pennsylvania and California.


    - All women aged 18 years or older who came to the ED during selected shifts.

    Main Outcome Measures

    - Reported acute trauma from abuse, past-year physical or sexual abuse, and lifetime physical or emotional abuse.


    - Surveys were completed by 3455 (74%) of 4641 women seen.

    The prevalence of reported abuse by an intimate partner was 2.2% (95% confidence interval [Cl], 1.7% - 2.7%) for acute trauma from abuse, 14.4% (95% Cl, 13.2% - 15.6%) for past-year physical or sexual abuse, and 36.9% (95% Cl, 35.3% - 38.6%) for lifetime emotional or physical abuse.

    California had significantly higher reported rates of past-year physical or sexual abuse (17% vs 12%, P<. 001) and lifetime abuse (44% vs 31%, P<. 001) than Pennsylvania. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Abus sexuel, Partenaire sexuel, Service urgence, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Homme, Femelle

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexual abuse, Sex partner, Emergency department, United States, North America, America, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Human, Female

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0394932

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 25/01/1999.