Background The Northridge earthquake struck Los Angeles on 17 January 1994, originating from a previously unknown thrust fault.
The earthquake measured 6.7 on the Richter scale and caused extcnsive damage to buildings, utilities and roadways.
This report describes injuries occurring in the Northridge earthquake which resulted in death or hospital admission.
Methods Earthquake-related deaths were identified by the Los Angeles Department of the Coroner.
All 78 hospitals in Los Angeles County were screened for earthquake-related admissions and were found in 16 of them.
Coroner's records and medical records from the 16 hospitals were individually reviewed to identify earthquake-related injuries and to obtain information about the injury.
Results A total of 171 earthquake-related injuries was identified in Los Angeles County, 33 were fatal and 138 required hospital admission.
Injury rates were approximately equal by gender and increased significantly with increasing age.
Most of the fatalities were due to building collapse, and most of the hospital-admitted injuries were caused by falls or being hit by objects.
Motor vehicle injuries and burns were also common causes of injury.
Head and chest injuries were common among fatalities, and extremity injuries were the most common among those admitted to a hospital.
Conclusion Earthquakes cause injuries through many mechanisms, and a clearer understanding of these pathways can help focus prevention strategies. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Séisme, Sinistre, Traumatisme, Accident corporel, Hospitalisation, Incidence, Facteur risque, Homme, Epidémiologie, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Médecine catastrophe, Soin intensif
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Earthquakes, Disaster, Trauma, Personal injury, Hospitalization, Incidence, Risk factor, Human, Epidemiology, California, United States, North America, America, Disaster medicine, Intensive care
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0394910
Code Inist : 002B27B08. Création : 25/01/1999.