Background The New Zealand diet is high in total and saturated fat and this is likely to be contributing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and relatively high rates of coronary heart disease in New Zealand.
The identification of subgroups with a high-fat intake will enable nutrition-related public health strategies to be better targeted.
Methods Subjects from two surveys were included in the study : 7574 employees from a large multinational workforce survey and 2447 people aged 35-84 years selected from a stratified random sample of the electoral roll in central Auckland.
Fat and saturated fat intake were assessed by short questionnaire which gave a dietary fat habits (DFH) score and supplemented by a six-item food frequency questionnaire.
Results The DFH scores were higher in males than in females at all ages, and there was an inverse relationship with age which was stronger for males.
Age-adjusted scores showed significantly higher DFH scores for Maori than for Europeans.
Lower socioeconomic status was associated with higher DFH scores in males.
Current smoking and heavy drinking (in males) were associated with significantly higher DFH scores after controlling for socioeconomic status.
The results of the limited food frequency questionnaire supported the trends in DFH scores. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire, Graisse, Ethnie, Statut socioéconomique, Age, Sexe, Comportement alimentaire, Homme, Nouvelle Zélande, Océanie, Alimentation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diet, Grease, Ethnic group, Socioeconomic status, Age, Sex, Feeding behavior, Human, New Zealand, Oceania, Feeding
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0394906
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 25/01/1999.