This study examined the association between an exaggerated blood pressure response to treadmill exercise and the risk of developing hypertension.
Subjects were healthy normotensive men (n=5386) who had a baseline graded maximal exercise test between 1971 and 1982, and completed a mailed follow-up questionnaire.
At follow-up in 1986, cases (n=151) reported physician diagnosed hypertension and controls (n=201) reported normotension.
Those who had developed hypertension at follow-up were more likely to have had an exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise (OR=2.4,1.4-4.3) In multiple logistic regression analysis an exaggerated response was significantly associated (OR=3.0,1.5-6.1) with future hypertension after controlling for sitting systolic and diastolic blood pressure, weight change from age 21 to follow-up, entry age, family history of hypertension, body mass index, treadmill time, alcohol consumption, and years of follow-up.
These results suggest that an exaggerated blood pressure response to exercise is independently associated with increased risk of future hypertension, and therefore, may he an important factor in determining hypertension risk.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Pression sanguine, Hémodynamique, Epreuve effort, Facteur risque, Homme, Normal, Etude longitudinale, Texas, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Blood pressure, Hemodynamics, Exercise tolerance test, Risk factor, Human, Normal, Follow up study, Texas, United States, North America, America, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0394861
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 25/01/1999.