Child feeding and care behaviors are associated with xerophthalmia in rural nepalese households.
The study examined caregiver-child interactions, intrahousehold food allocation and general child care behaviors and their effect on children's xerophthalmia status in the rural Terai region of Nepal.
Seventy-eight households with a child having a history of xerophthalmia (cases) were matched with 78 households with a child of the same age having no history of xerophthalmia (controls).
Seven day-long continuous monitoring observations were performed in each household (over 15 months) by trained Nepali observers, focusing on feeding and care of a focus child and his/her younger sibling.
Nineteen different behavioral variables were operationalized. including serving method. second helpings. serving refusals, encouragement to eat, request intensity. meal serving order, food channeling. food sharing, positive social behaviors. negative social behaviors. and positive health behaviors.
Automatic serving and request intensity were strongly negatively correlated, especially among younger siblings.
Children who serve themselves receive less encouragement to eat.
Those children who are refused in their requests for food tend to ask for food more frequently. for a longer time. and be less likely to self-serve.
Children who eat from a shared plate are less likely to interact with a food server and more likely to self-serve.
Negative social behavior towards children is associated with the child having to request food more frequently and a greater likelihood of being refused food. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Alimentation, Enfant, Homme, Relation parent enfant, Groupe familial, Répartition ressource, Xérophtalmie, Carence vitaminique, Rétinol, Népal, Asie, Milieu rural, Comportement parental, Milieu familial, Oeil pathologie, Conjonctive pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Feeding, Child, Human, Parent child relation, Family group, Resource repartition, Xerophthalmia, Vitamin deficiency, Retinol, Nepal, Asia, Rural environment, Parental behavior, Family environment, Eye disease, Conjunctiva disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0394510
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 25/01/1999.