General practice in urban and rural Europe : The range of curative services.
The variation in the range of services provided by general practitioners (GPs) is not only related to personal characteristics and features of the country's health care system but also to the geographical circumstances of the practice location.
In conurbations health services are more widely available than in the countryside. where GPs often are the only providers.
With highly mobile populations and a plentiful supply of doctors. in cities the prevailing regulations for access and use of services are more difficult to maintain.
It is also more difficult to control access and thus opportunities for inappropriate use are greater.
Against this background an international study was conducted on variation in task profiles of GPs. especially focusing on differences between urban and rural practices.
In 1993 standardised questionnaires in the national languages were sent to samples of GPs in 30 countries.
Various aspects of service provision were measured as well as practice organisation, location of the practice and personal backgrounds of the GP.
Completed questionnaires were received from 7.233 respondents, an overall response rate of 47%. Sources of variation have been analysed by using a two-level model.
Rural practices provided more comprehensive services regardless of the health care system.
Approximately half of the variation was explained by features of a country's health care system. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecin généraliste, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Pratique professionnelle, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Système santé, Etude comparative, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General practitioner, Health staff, Human, Professional practice, Rural environment, Urban environment, Health system, Comparative study, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0394507
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 25/01/1999.