We reviewed specific chemical exposures and exposure assessment methods relating to published and unpublished epidemiological studies in the alumina and primary aluminium industry.
Our focus was to review limitations in the current literature and make recommendations for future research.
Although some of the exposures in the smelting of aluminium have been well characterised, particularly in potrooms, little has been published regarding the exposures in bauxite mining and alumina refining.
Past epidemiological studies in the industry have concentrated on the smelting of aluminium, with many limitations in the methodology used in their exposure assessment.
We found that in aluminium smelting, exposures to fluorides, coal tar pitch volatiles (CTPV) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) have tended to decrease in recent years, but insufficient information exists for the other known exposures.
Although excess cancers have been found among workers in the smelting of aluminium, the exposure assessment methods in future studies need to be improved to better characterise possible causative agents.
The small number of cohort studies has been a factor in the failure to identify clear exposure-response relationships for respiratory diseases. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Aluminium, Métal léger, Toxicité, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Epidémiologie, Australie, Océanie, Industrie métallurgique, Alumine, Bauxite, Industrie extractive, Historique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Aluminium, Light metal, Toxicity, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Epidemiology, Australia, Oceania, Metallurgical industry, Alumina, Bauxite, Mining industry, Case history
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0392690
Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 25/01/1999.