This study sought to characterize occupational dermatoses and cutaneous hazards.
Workers'compensation claims filed for skin disease in the Washington State Fund were analyzed for 1989 through 1993 ; incidence rates for industries and employers were calculated, and cutaneous hazards associated with the highest rates were identified.
A total of 7445 claims were filed for skin disorders, principally contact dermatitis ; 675 (9.1%) involved more than 3 missed work-days.
The rate of accepted skin disorder claims was 1.0 per 1000 full-time employee-years.
The highest incidence rates (4.6 to 30.7 accepted claims per 1000 full-time employee-years) were in certain manufacturing industries (plastics related, concrete products, aircraft parts, sporting goods, and boat building), wholesale farm product raw materials, automotive glass replacement, and beauty shops.
Seven of the 10 employers with the highest incidence rates (19.6 to 85.5 accepted claims per 1000 full-time employee-years) used fiber-reinforced plastics (composites) and exposed workers to epoxy and other resin systems associated with contact dermatitis.
Workers'compensation data identify known and emerging workplace cutaneous hazards and show promise for targeting prevention efforts.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dermatite contact, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Epidémiologie, Industrie, Composé chimique, Facteur risque, Médecine travail, Washington, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Toxicité, Peau pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Contact dermatitis, Occupational exposure, Human, Epidemiology, Industry, Chemical compound, Risk factor, Occupational medicine, Washington, United States, North America, America, Toxicity, Skin disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0387830
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 25/01/1999.