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  1. Gender and AIDS-related psychosocial processes : A study of perceived susceptibility, social distance, and homophobia.

    Article - En anglais

    Over the past decade, researchers have accumulated evidence that suggests six main factors are associated with AIDS-related risk reduction behavior :

    • (a) perceived susceptibility (Dolcini et al., 1995 ; van der Plight & Richard, 1994) ;

    • (b) attitudes toward condoms (Catania et al., 1994 ; Maticka-Tyndale, 1991) ;

    • (c) personally knowing someone with HIV/AIDS (Joseph et al., 1987) ;

    • (d) perceived peer norms about risk-reduction (Maticka-Tyndale, 1991) ;

    • (e) previous sexual activity (Joseph et al., 1987) ;

    • and (f) self-efficacy (Aspinwall, Kemeny, Taylor, & Schneider, 1991 ; van der Plight & Richard, 1994).

    Furthermore, there is some suggestion that the epidemiology and sociocultural constructions of the disease has led to considerable gender, racial, and class differences in awareness of AIDS, perception of HIV threat, and HIV-relevant behavior (Cohan & Atwood, 1994 ; Dolcini et al., 1995 ; Gillies, 1994).

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Attitude, Homosexualité, Perception sociale, Sexe, Prise risque, Comportement sexuel, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Homophobie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Attitude, Homosexuality, Social perception, Sex, Risk taking, Sexual behavior, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0385417

    Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 25/01/1999.