To estimate the prevalence of Japanese adolescents'alcohol use in Japan and the situations surrounding their drinking.
A general population self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with a sample of 5,240 Japanese junior high school students obtained from 12 representative schools of the Chiba Prefecture in Japan.
Almost 80% of the boys and 75% of the girls reported having consumed an alcoholic beverage on at least one occasion.
Consumption occurred most frequently on a ceremonial occasion (52.4%), followed by drinking with family (39.0%), with peers (20.6%), after a bath (9.7%) and at ritual parties among friends (9.3%). In this sample, a greater percentage of students in a higher grade reported a drinking occasion after a bath, at parties among friends, or with peers.
However, this trend was not observed for drinking on ceremonial occasions or with family in the evening.
A gender difference was observed for the prevalence of drinking after a bath.
A majority of students agreed with the statement that minors'use of alcohol was « acceptable depending on the situation. » This was in sharp contrast with their perception of cigarette smoking and solvent use (16.3% and 3.8%, respectively, endorsing the same statement).
By sometime in their first year of junior high school (when most students are age 12 years), more than 75% of Japanese adolescents have tried alcohol. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Contexte, Milieu culturel, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Japon, Asie, Santé mentale, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Context, Cultural environment, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Japan, Asia, Mental health, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0385402
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 25/01/1999.