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  1. Reflecting adult drinking culture : Prevalence of alcohol use and drinking situations among Japanese junior high school students in Japan.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    To estimate the prevalence of Japanese adolescents'alcohol use in Japan and the situations surrounding their drinking.

    Method 

    A general population self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with a sample of 5,240 Japanese junior high school students obtained from 12 representative schools of the Chiba Prefecture in Japan.

    Results 

    Almost 80% of the boys and 75% of the girls reported having consumed an alcoholic beverage on at least one occasion.

    Consumption occurred most frequently on a ceremonial occasion (52.4%), followed by drinking with family (39.0%), with peers (20.6%), after a bath (9.7%) and at ritual parties among friends (9.3%). In this sample, a greater percentage of students in a higher grade reported a drinking occasion after a bath, at parties among friends, or with peers.

    However, this trend was not observed for drinking on ceremonial occasions or with family in the evening.

    A gender difference was observed for the prevalence of drinking after a bath.

    A majority of students agreed with the statement that minors'use of alcohol was « acceptable depending on the situation. » This was in sharp contrast with their perception of cigarette smoking and solvent use (16.3% and 3.8%, respectively, endorsing the same statement).

    Conclusions 

    By sometime in their first year of junior high school (when most students are age 12 years), more than 75% of Japanese adolescents have tried alcohol. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Contexte, Milieu culturel, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Japon, Asie, Santé mentale, Adolescent, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Context, Cultural environment, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Japan, Asia, Mental health, Adolescent, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0385402

    Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 25/01/1999.