Costs and benefits of a community sobriety checkpoint program.
Alcohol-involved crashes cost society more than $100 billion a year.
Sobriety checkpoints are effective in apprehending drunk drivers.
This article compares the costs and the estimated monetary benefits from a hypothetical community sobriety checkpoint program.
The analysis is constructed around a hypothetical community with 100,000 licensed drivers.
A literature review suggests that a generously funded intensive checkpoint program (156 checkpoints per year) can be expected to reduce alcohol-attributable crashes by about 15%. The benefits (cost savings) of the checkpoint program are calculated using 1993 alcohol-involved crash incidence from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Costs per alcohol-involved crash and the percentage of alcohol-involved crashes attributable to alcohol are updated from published studies.
Estimated annual savings to the hypothetical community total $7.9 million.
This includes $3.1 million for averted fatalities, $4.5 million for averted non-fatal injuries, and $0.3 million for averted property damage.
Every $1 spent on a sobriety checkpoint program can be expected to save the community more than $6, including $1.30 of insurer costs.
An intensive sobriety checkpoint program can save a community more in automobile crash costs than the program costs.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Facteur risque, Accident circulation, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Sobriété, Analyse avantage coût, Communauté, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Risk factor, Traffic accident, Sanitary program, Prevention, Temperance, Cost benefit analysis, Community, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0385305
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 25/01/1999.