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  1. Costs and benefits of a community sobriety checkpoint program.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective 

    Alcohol-involved crashes cost society more than $100 billion a year.

    Sobriety checkpoints are effective in apprehending drunk drivers.

    This article compares the costs and the estimated monetary benefits from a hypothetical community sobriety checkpoint program.

    Method 

    The analysis is constructed around a hypothetical community with 100,000 licensed drivers.

    A literature review suggests that a generously funded intensive checkpoint program (156 checkpoints per year) can be expected to reduce alcohol-attributable crashes by about 15%. The benefits (cost savings) of the checkpoint program are calculated using 1993 alcohol-involved crash incidence from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

    Costs per alcohol-involved crash and the percentage of alcohol-involved crashes attributable to alcohol are updated from published studies.

    Results 

    Estimated annual savings to the hypothetical community total $7.9 million.

    This includes $3.1 million for averted fatalities, $4.5 million for averted non-fatal injuries, and $0.3 million for averted property damage.

    Every $1 spent on a sobriety checkpoint program can be expected to save the community more than $6, including $1.30 of insurer costs.

    Conclusions 

    An intensive sobriety checkpoint program can save a community more in automobile crash costs than the program costs.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Facteur risque, Accident circulation, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Sobriété, Analyse avantage coût, Communauté, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Risk factor, Traffic accident, Sanitary program, Prevention, Temperance, Cost benefit analysis, Community, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0385305

    Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 25/01/1999.