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  1. Comparison of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training methods for parents of infants at high risk for cardiopulmonary arrest.

    Article - En anglais

    Study objectives 

    To compare three different methods of teaching CPR to parents of infants at high risk for sudden cardiopulmonary arrest and to identify characteristics that predict difficulty in learning CPR.


    We conducted a prospective, multicenter clinical trial of 480 parents and other infant caretakers.

    Subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 CPR training protocols : an instructor-taught CPR class, an instructor-taught CPR class followed by a social support intervention, or a self-training video module.

    CPR proficiency was evaluated with the use of a CPR skills checklist.


    Of 480 subjects, 301 (63%) were able to demonstrate successful CPR after training.

    Univariate analysis revealed that unsuccessful learners were likely to be less educated, to have lower incomes, to never have attended a previous CPR class, and to have better psychosocial adjustment to their infant's illness, compared with successful learners.

    The proportion of successful learners was significantly higher in the 2 instructor-taught classes than in the self-training video class.

    Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to develop a predictive profile to describe unsuccessful learners.

    The following characteristics independently predicted unsuccessful learners : CPR learned in the self-training video group, fewer years of education, and better psychosocial adjustment. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Réanimation cardiocirculatoire, Technique, Arrêt cardiocirculatoire, Risque, Formation, Méthode, Apprentissage, Etude comparative, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Parent, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Intensive cardiocirculatory care, Technique, Cardiocirculatory arrest, Risk, Formation, Method, Learning, Comparative study, Evaluation, Child, Human, Parent, United States, North America, America, Cardiovascular disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0383591

    Code Inist : 002B27B01. Création : 25/01/1999.