To compare three different methods of teaching CPR to parents of infants at high risk for sudden cardiopulmonary arrest and to identify characteristics that predict difficulty in learning CPR.
We conducted a prospective, multicenter clinical trial of 480 parents and other infant caretakers.
Subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 CPR training protocols : an instructor-taught CPR class, an instructor-taught CPR class followed by a social support intervention, or a self-training video module.
CPR proficiency was evaluated with the use of a CPR skills checklist.
Of 480 subjects, 301 (63%) were able to demonstrate successful CPR after training.
Univariate analysis revealed that unsuccessful learners were likely to be less educated, to have lower incomes, to never have attended a previous CPR class, and to have better psychosocial adjustment to their infant's illness, compared with successful learners.
The proportion of successful learners was significantly higher in the 2 instructor-taught classes than in the self-training video class.
Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to develop a predictive profile to describe unsuccessful learners.
The following characteristics independently predicted unsuccessful learners : CPR learned in the self-training video group, fewer years of education, and better psychosocial adjustment. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Réanimation cardiocirculatoire, Technique, Arrêt cardiocirculatoire, Risque, Formation, Méthode, Apprentissage, Etude comparative, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Parent, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Intensive cardiocirculatory care, Technique, Cardiocirculatory arrest, Risk, Formation, Method, Learning, Comparative study, Evaluation, Child, Human, Parent, United States, North America, America, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0383591
Code Inist : 002B27B01. Création : 25/01/1999.