Schimmelpilz-und Gefahrstoffbelastungen bei der Müllsammlung.
Traduction en anglais : Exposure to fungi and hazardous substances during refuse collection.
So far exposure to fungi and hazardous substances during waste collection has played a subordinate role compared to exposure problems in waste sorting or composting plants.
Special attention was attracted by a dust-man suffering from a prescribed allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.
As a result, the accident insurance carrier for the employees of the local government of Westfalen-Lippe decided to conduct an investigation into exposure connected with refuse collection.
Personal measurements were carried out both during refuse collection and in the driver's cabin.
They focused on the determination of the total fungi exposure, exposure to aspergillus fumigatus as a guiding germ with a special sensitising effect, exposure to respirable and metal dust.
Total fungi exposure during refuse collection turned out to be between 10000 and approximately 500000 colony-forming units per cubic meter. 14 out of 20 measurement values exceeded the 50000-limit.
Aspergillus-fumigatus concentrations are likely to increase especially on a hot summer's day.
On such days, concentrations close to 90000 colony-forming units/m3 were measured.
In autumn and winter fungi exposure was sometimes above 10000 cfu/m3 in the drivers cabin.
High values were measured in connection with any kind of refuse.
There has not yet been unequivocal proof of exceptional risks related to the collection of biological refuse.
Exposure to hazardous substances during refuse collection was less remarkable. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Déchet solide, Déchet urbain, Collecte, Exposition professionnelle, Microorganisme, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fungi Imperfecti, Fungi, Thallophyta, Poussière, Métal lourd, Plomb, Cuivre, Zinc, Chrome, Cadmium, Nickel, Cobalt, Béryllium, Arsenic, Antimoine, Manganèse, Inventaire source pollution, Teneur, Allemagne, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Solid waste, Urban waste, Gathering, Occupational exposure, Microorganism, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fungi Imperfecti, Fungi, Thallophyta, Dust, Heavy metal, Lead, Copper, Zinc, Chromium, Cadmium, Nickel, Cobalt, Beryllium, Arsenic, Antimony, Manganese, Pollution source inventory, Content, Germany, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0383301
Code Inist : 001D16C06. Création : 25/01/1999.