To identify which aspects of socioeconomic change were associated with the steep decline in life expectancy in Russia between 1990 and 1994.
Regression analysis of regional data, with percentage fall in male life expectancy as dependent variable and a range of socioeconomic measures reflecting transition, change in income, inequity, and social cohesion as independent variables.
Determination of contribution of deaths from major causes and in each age group to changes in both male and female life expectancy at birth in regions with the smallest and largest declines.
Regions (oblasts) of European Russia (excluding Siberia and those in the Caucasus affected by the Chechen war).
The population of European Russia Results : The fall in life expectancy at birth varied widely between regions, with declines for men and women highly correlated.
The regions with the largest falls were predominantly urban, with high rates of labour turnover, large increases in recorded crime, and a higher average but unequal distribution of household income.
For both men and women increasing rates of death between the ages of 30 and 60 years accounted for most of the fall in life expectancy, with the greatest contributions being from conditions directly or indirectly associated with heavy alcohol consumption.
The decline in life expectancy in Russia in the 1990s cannot be attributed simply to impoverishment. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enquête socioéconomique, Russie, Eurasie, Facteur risque, Alcoolisme, Mortalité, Etude statistique, Qualité vie, Homme, Criminalité, Analyse régression, Politique sanitaire, Toxicologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Socioeconomical inquiry, Russia, Eurasia, Risk factor, Alcoholism, Mortality, Statistical study, Quality of life, Human, Criminality, Regression analysis, Health policy, Toxicology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0381684
Code Inist : 002B30A02B. Création : 25/01/1999.