To evaluate the risk of a nosocomial spread of Pneumocystis carinii f. sp. hominis (P. carinii hominis), air filter samples from rooms of P. carinii pneumonia (PCP) patients, adjacent corridors, and other hospital environments have been investigated for the presence of P. carinii hominis.
Amplified DNA from air filters and sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage samples from the PCP patients have been genotyped with the P. carinii hominis genes of the mitochondrial large-subunit (mtLSU) rRNA and the internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2) of the rRNA.
Genotypes of the two loci were identified by direct sequencing, and for site 85 of the mtLSU locus, three allele-specific PCR assays were used.
P. carinii hominis DNA was identified in the air of five of seven PCP patient rooms and in the air of two of four air filtrations from the ward corridors.
The P. carinii hominis genotypes were the same in four of the five room air samples as those in the corresponding patients, suggesting a risk of person-to-person transmission of P. carinii hominis from PCP patients.
Three of 16 air samples collected in infectious disease wards without the presence of PCP patients and one sample from a cardiology unit in a separate hospital building were also positive, which further strengthens the possibility of acquisition of P. carinii hominis from the environment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pneumocystis carinii, Fungi Imperfecti, Fungi, Thallophyta, Homme, Air, Hôpital, Typage, Génotype, DNA ribosomique, DNA mitochondrial, Epidémiologie moléculaire, Contamination biologique, Transmission, Réaction chaîne polymérase, Mycose, Infection, Pneumonie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Poumon pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pneumocystis carinii, Fungi Imperfecti, Fungi, Thallophyta, Human, Air, Hospital, Typing, Genotype, Ribosomal DNA, Mitochondrial DNA, Molecular epidemiology, Biological contamination, Transmission, Polymerase chain reaction, Mycosis, Infection, Pneumonia, Respiratory disease, Lung disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0381481
Code Inist : 002A05D05. Création : 25/01/1999.