Aims-To determine the sources of funding for UK gastroenterology research papers and the relative impact of papers funded by different groups and of unfunded ones.
Methods-UK gastroenterology papers from 1988-94 were selectively retrieved from the Science Citation Index by means of a specially constructed filter based on their title keywords and journal names.
They were looked up in libraries to determine their funding sources and these, together with their numbers of authors, numbers of addresses, and research category (clinicallbasic) were considered as input parameters to the research.
Output parameters analysed were mean journal impact category, citation counts by papers, and the frequency of citation by a US patent.
Gastroenterology papers comprise about 7% of all UK biomedical research and 46% of them have no acknowledged funding source.
One quarter of the papers acknowledged government support, and a similar fraction a private, non-profit source ; 11% were funded by the pharmaceutical industry.
The papers acknowledging funding had significantly more impact than the others on all three measures.
The citing patents had six times more UK inventors than the average for all US Patent and Trademark Office patents in the relevant classes and were mostly generic in application. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Gastroentérologie, Recherche scientifique, Exploration, Fonds, Source, Brevet, Royaume Uni, Europe, Critère décision, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gastroenterology, Scientific research, Exploration, Library holdings, Source, Patents, United Kingdom, Europe, Decision criterion, Human, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0381106
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 25/01/1999.