Risk in cleaning : Chemical and physical exposure.
Cleaning is a large enterprise involving a large fraction of the workforce worldwide.
A broad spectrum of cleaning agents has been developed to facilitate dust and dirt removal, for disinfection and surface maintenance.
The cleaning agents are used in large quantities throughout the world.
Although a complex pattern of exposure to cleaning agents and resulting health problems, such as allergies and asthma, are reported among cleaners, only a few surveys of this type of product have been performed.
This paper gives a broad introduction to cleaning agents and the impact of cleaning on cleaners, occupants of indoor environments, and the quality of cleaning.
Cleaning agents are usually grouped into different product categories according to their technical functions and the purpose of their use (e.g. disinfectants and surface care products).
The paper also indicates the adverse health and comfort effects associated with the use of these agents in connection with the cleaning process.
The paper identifies disinfectants as the most hazardous group of cleaning agents.
Cleaning agents contain evaporative and non-evaporative substances.
The major toxicologically significant constituents of the former are volatile organic compounds (VOCs), defined as substances with boiling points in the range of 0°C to about 400°C. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Industrie nettoyage, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Pollution intérieur, Poussière, Détergent, Désinfectant, Particule en suspension, Composé organique volatil, Produit nettoyage, Toxicité, Pollution air, Agent physique, Teneur air ambiant, Analyse quantitative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cleaning industry, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Indoor pollution, Dust, Detergent, Disinfecting agent, Suspended particle, Volatile organic compound, Cleaning materials, Toxicity, Air pollution, Physical agent, Ambient air concentration, Quantitative analysis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0380196
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 25/01/1999.