Rotavirus infection in Hong Kong : epidemiology and estimates of disease burden.
Rotavirus gastroenteritis should soon be a vaccine-preventable disease.
In a 10-year survey of rotavirus gastroenteritis conducted at the Prince of Wales Hospital (PWH), 2281 cases were detected of which 2213 (97%) occurred in children<5 years old.
A consistent epidemic occurred each winter during the months of December and January.
Of all laboratory-confirmed cases, 78% were community-acquired with a mean hospital stay of 4.7 days.
The estimated incidence of rotavirus-attributed hospitalization was 2/1000 children<5 years old.
Over the 10 years, rotavirus was responsible for one death, and contributory to three other deaths.
On average each year, 195 children<5 years old were hospitalized for a total of 917 days in PWH, accounting for an estimated expenditure of HK$2.8 (~ US$0.4) million on hospitalization costs.
The annual financial burden for rotavirus gastroenteritis for the whole of Hong Kong could be in excess of HK$9.6 (~ US$1.2) million.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rotavirus humain, Rotavirus, Reoviridae, Virus, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Gastroentérite, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Estomac pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Hong Kong, Chine, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human rotavirus, Rotavirus, Reoviridae, Virus, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Gastroenteritis, Human, Digestive diseases, Gastric disease, Intestinal disease, Hong Kong, China, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0377109
Code Inist : 002A05C06. Création : 25/01/1999.