Treatment of raised blool pressure in the population : session I : results from different countries. Paris, FRA, 1996/12/11.
A survey was conducted in a cohort of 235 general practitioners (GP) selected by Sofres Medical who were representative of the French medical population, to measure the percentage of patients with hypertension, treated hypertensives and patients with controlled hypertension.
Data were collected over 1 week of office consultation.
Practitioners were initially instructed to use the same type of mercury sphygmomanometer, equipped with pneumatic cuffs of different sizes.
Three consecutive blood pressure (BP) measurements were made and the last two were recorded.
Practitioners had to carry out their own survey over a period of 1 week on all patients>18 years of age who visited their offices.
Patients were considered as hypertensive (HP) if the mean of the two recorded BP measurements was = 140/90 mm Hg or if they were taking antihypertensive drug treatment.
Three cutoff points were used to define controlled hypertension :<140/90 mm Hg (overall population of HP),<160/95 mm Hg (HP<65 years of age), and<160/90 mm Hg (HP = 65 years of age).
Among 12,351 patients (mean age, 48.6 years ; women, 58%), 5020 were HP, (41%) of whom 2035 were without treatment (41%) and 2985 were receiving antihypertensive drug treatment (59%). Two hundred-thirty patients (4.6%) remained at high risk with moderate or severe hypertension (BP = 180 [systolic] or 105 [diastolic] mm Hg), ie, 1 patient/week/GP. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Homme, France, Europe, Prévalence, Traitement, Chimiothérapie, Antihypertenseur, Pression sanguine, Médecine générale, Efficacité traitement, Epidémiologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Human, France, Europe, Prevalence, Treatment, Chemotherapy, Antihypertensive agent, Blood pressure, Internal medicine, Treatment efficiency, Epidemiology, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0376771
Code Inist : 002B02F05. Création : 25/01/1999.