Social class and substance use disorders : The value of social class as distinct from socioeconomic status.
The relationship between social class and substance use disorders (SUDs) is explored and compared to the relationship between SES and SUDs.
Social class and SES are two different conceptualizations of socioeconomic inequality (SEI) which emanate from two different theoretical orientations in sociology.
SES is commonly used in epidemiological research and is usually measured in terms of education, income or occupational prestige.
Social class is less known and less used.
Here, following the work of Wright et al. (Wright, E. O., Hachen, D. and Costello, C. et al. (1982) The American class structure.
American Sociological Review 47,709-726) it is measured in terms of four types of control people have in their work place : ownership, control over budget decisions, control over other workers, and control over one's own work.
Data are derived from an epidemiological survey, conducted in Israel. using a two stage sampling procedure for the identification of cases.
In the first stage 4914 respondents were screened with the Psychiatric Epidemiological Research Interview (PERI).
In the second stage (n=2741), those who screened positive (and a sample of the negatives) were diagnosed by psychiatrists using a structured interview that yielded diagnoses according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC).
The results indicate that those who are advantaged in terms of ownership, i.e. self-employed, have higher rates of SUDs compared to employees. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Trouble psychiatrique, Alcoolisme, Epidémiologie, Classe sociale, Statut socioéconomique, Israël, Asie, Homme, Sexe, Ethnie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Mental disorder, Alcoholism, Epidemiology, Social class, Socioeconomic status, Israel, Asia, Human, Sex, Ethnic group
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0376029
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 25/01/1999.