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  1. Prevalence of Clostridium botulinum type E in Finnish fish and fishery products.

    Article - En anglais

    The prevalence of Clostridium botulinum type E gene in fish and fishery products of commercial importance in Finland was determined using a quantitative PCR analysis.

    The contamination level in 438 raw fish samples from intestines, surface and whole fish and 208 fish roe samples varied from 10-40% and from 4-14% respectively, depending on the fish species studied.

    The presence of C. botulinum in European wild freshwater fish and roe was demonstrated for the first time by isolation of the organism from PCR-positive samples.

    Five percent of 214 vacuum-packed and 3% of 123 air-packed fishery product samples examined at retail level were positive for the botulinum neurotoxin type E gene.

    A contamination level of 10% in vacuum-packed hot-smoked whitefish was detected.

    The results demonstrate that C.

    Botulinum type E poses a serious health risk for those consuming fishery products from the Baltic Sea area.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Clostridium botulinum, Clostridiaceae, Clostridiales, Bactérie, Isolement, Poisson sous produit, Finlande, Europe, Contamination biologique, Détection, Prévalence, Epidémiologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Clostridium botulinum, Clostridiaceae, Clostridiales, Bacteria, Isolation, Fish by product, Finland, Europe, Biological contamination, Detection, Prevalence, Epidemiology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0374465

    Code Inist : 002A35B06. Création : 25/01/1999.