To determine the prevalence of chronic arthritis with special reference to rheumatoid arthritis.
A cross-sectional study was performed during the years 1990 and 1991 in a randomly selected sample of the urban population of Belgrade.
Out of 2184 participants, =20 yr old, surveyed by questionnaire, 756 (34.6%) reported peripheral joint complaints.
Of those with complaints, 621 (82.1%) agreed to undergo detailed examination.
Arthritis was diagnosed in four men (one had rheumatoid arthritis and three had spondylarthropathy with peripheral arthritis) and 11 women (three had rheumatoid arthritis, one had B27-positive polyarthritis and seven had undifferentiated chronic arthritis).
The prevalence of chronic arthritis in the adult population was 0.69% (0.35% for men and 1.05% for women).
The prevalence for rheumatoid arthritis was 0.18% (0.09% for men and 0.29% for women).
Re-examination of 15 individuals with chronic arthritis 3 yr later showed changes in diagnosis only in those patients who at baseline examination had undifferentiated chronic arthritis.
According to the results obtained, the urban population of Belgrade is among populations with a low prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arthrite, Chronique, Inflammation, Polyarthrite rhumatoïde, Questionnaire, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Yougoslavie, Europe, Homme, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Arthropathie, Rhumatisme inflammatoire, Immunopathologie, Maladie autoimmune, Milieu urbain
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Arthritis, Chronic, Inflammation, Rheumatoid arthritis, Questionnaire, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Yugoslavia, Europe, Human, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Arthropathy, Inflammatory joint disease, Immunopathology, Autoimmune disease, Urban environment
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0369814
Code Inist : 002B15D. Création : 25/01/1999.