An investigation was undertaken in Northeast Thailand, a country undergoing rapid health transition, to find out whether there is a likelihood that the nutritional and lipid pattern of an adult population in Northeast Thailand is related to coronary heart disease in the same way as in western countries.
In a cross-sectional study, the body mass index (BMI) and the waist-hip ratio as well as the important plasma lipids were determined.
The nutritional status and the lipid profile of the predominantly middle-aged population is characterised by a generally favourable nutritional status and lipid concentrations, where the distribution, indicated by the medians, ofthe relevant variables over the total population is concerned.
A rather high proportion of individuals was found to be overnourished and to have high triglyceride levels.
Individuals with high triglyceride levels run a risk of developing coronary heart disease only when the LDL-HDL fraction is above 5. Only 3% of the total population investigated had a LDL-HDL ratio above that value.
Since hypertriglyceridaemia is also linked to the insulin-resistent syndrome, it is concluded that, if the mortality of coronary heart disease increases in future, then this must be accounted probably more to the after-effects of the insulin-resistant syndrome than to the direct effect of an atherogenic lipid pattern. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Milieu rural, Etat nutritionnel, Lipide, Indice masse corporelle, Anthropométrie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Etiologie, Epidémiologie, Biométrie corporelle, Nutrition, Alimentation, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Adulte, Homme, Thaïlande, Asie, Nord est
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rural environment, Nutritional status, Lipids, Body mass index, Anthropometry, Coronary heart disease, Etiology, Epidemiology, Corporal biometry, Nutrition, Feeding, Cardiovascular disease, Adult, Human, Thailand, Asia, Northeast
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0354956
Code Inist : 002B22A. Création : 25/01/1999.