IN seeing Europe as a forerunner in the development of industrial capitalism and of lower fertility, historians have examined predisposing factors in the web of family variables that may have led to these conditions.
The influential hypothesis by John Hajnal draws a sharp line between the rgimes of Europe and the rest of the world, particularly Asia.
It acknowledges that mean house-hold size does not differ significantly in the two cases, but attributes the difference to the contrast between the « joint households » of the East and the single-couple arrangements of the West.
This article contends that the data do not fully justify such a sharp dichotomy.
In particular, the categorization exaggerates the differences with respect to internal structure and also with respect to the related problemes of family labor and service, household fission, and the public (rather than the familial) safety net for the aged poor.
Mots-clés Pascal : Anthropologie, Milieu familial, Ménage, Asie, Europe, Pauvreté, Personne âgée, Histoire, Recherche scientifique, Sciences sociales
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Anthropology, Family environment, Household, Asia, Europe, Poverty, Elderly, History, Scientific research, Social sciences
Notice produite par :
ENSP - Ecole nationale de la santé publique (devenue EHESP)
Cote : 96/03 V
Code Inist : 002B30. Création : 25/01/1999.