To determine the demands on healthcare resources caused by different types of illnesses and variation with age and sex.
Information on healthcare use was obtained from all 22 healthcare sectors in the Netherlands.
Most important sectors (hospitals, nursing homes, inpatient psychiatric care, institutions for mentally disabled people) have national registries.
Total expenditures for each sector were subdivided into 21 age groups, sex, and 34 diagnostic groups.
Proportion of healthcare budget spent on each category of disease and cost of health care per person at various ages.
After the first vear of life, costs per person for children were lowest, Costs rose slowly throughout adult life and increased exponentially from age 50 onwards till the oldest age group (=95).
The top five areas of healthcare costs were mental retardation, musculoskeletal disease (predominantly joint disease and dorsopathy), dementia, a heterogeneous group of other mental disorders, and ill defined conditions.
Stroke, all cancers combined, and coronary heart disease ranked 7,8, and 10, respectively.
The main determinants of healthcare use in the Netherlands are old age and disabling conditions, particularly mental disability.
A large share of the healthcare budget is spent on long term nursing care, and this cost will inevitably increase further in an ageing population. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Service santé, Epidémiologie, Analyse coût, Démographie, Critère âge, Forme clinique, Pays Bas, Europe, Diagnostic, Homme, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health service, Epidemiology, Cost analysis, Demography, Age criterion, Clinical form, Netherlands, Europe, Diagnosis, Human, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0354212
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 27/11/1998.