The purpose of this study was to describe stimulant use and abuse as reported by school administrators and children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or attention deficit disorder inattentive.
Five years after being identified as Ritalin responders, 161 children were surveyed regarding stimulant use and abuse.
School principals in central Wisconsin were also surveyed regarding stimulant use and policies.
No child believed stimulants as prescribed could lead to abuse.
Sixteen percent of the children had been approached to sell, give, or trade their medication.
During school hours, 44% of children and 37% of schools reported stimulants were stored unlocked.
Not all schools had written policies regarding prescription drugs, and 10% permitted students to carry their own medication.
Monitoring prescription usage, periodic reassessment of efficacy, and continuing education of family and teaching staff should be part of the multimodal treatment for this disorder.
School policies should be developmentally sensitive.
Mots-clés Pascal : Utilisation, Abus médicamenteux, Méthylphénidate, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Trouble attention, Hyperactivité, Milieu scolaire, Wisconsin, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enquête, Enfant, Homme, Préadolescent, Adolescent, Age scolaire, Age préscolaire, Stimulant SNC, Psychotrope
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Use, Drug abuse, Methylphenidate, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Attentional disorder, Hyperactivity, School environment, Wisconsin, United States, North America, America, Survey, Child, Human, Preadolescent, Adolescent, School age, Preschool age, CNS stimulant, Psychotropic
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0350935
Code Inist : 002B02B02. Création : 27/11/1998.