This study aimed to investigate rates of psychiatric disorder in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, in an Australian sample of homosexual and bisexual men.
A cross-sectional study of a total of 65 HIV sero-negative (HIV-) and 164 HIV sero-positive men (HIV+) (79 CDC stage II/III and 85 CDC stage IV) was conducted in three centres.
Lifetime and current prevalence rates of psychiatric disorder were evaluated using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule Version IIIR (DIS-IIIR).
Elevated current and lifetime rates of major depression were detected in both HIV negative and HIV positive homosexual/bisexual men.
Lifetime rates of alcohol abuse/dependence were significantly elevated in HIV positive men (CDC group IV) when compared with HIV negative men.
Among the HIV positive group the majority of psychiatric disorders detected were preceded by a pre-HIV diagnosis of psychiatric disorder.
Major depression represented the disorder most likely to have first onset after HIV infection diagnosis.
Lifetime rates of major depression were elevated in this sample of HIV-negative and HIV-positive men.
In the HIV-positive men, psychiatric disorder was significantly associated with the presence of lifetime psychiatric disorder prior to HIV infection diagnosis.
The findings indicate the importance of evaluation of psychiatric history prior to HIV infection and the clinical significance of depressive syndromes in this population.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Asymptomatique, Association morbide, Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Australie, Océanie, Homme, Mâle, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Asymptomatic, Concomitant disease, Mental disorder, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Mental health, Australia, Oceania, Human, Male, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0349774
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 27/11/1998.