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  1. Use of formal and informal sources of mental health care among older African-American public-housing residents.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    Elderly residents of public housing have high rates of psychiatric disorders, but most of those in need of care do not use any mental health service.

    This study examines the use of formal and alternative informal sources of mental health care in a sample of elderly African-American public-housing residents.

    Method

    Data from an epidemiological survey of six Baltimore public-housing developments for the elderly (weighted N=818) were analysed to examine the utilization of mental health services by older African-American residents.

    Logistic regression analyses were used to determine correlates of using formal and informal sources by those needing mental health care.

    Results

    Thirty-five per cent of subjects needed mental health care.

    Less than half (47%) of those in need received any mental health care in the previous 6 months.

    Residents in need were more likely to use formal (38.5%) than informal sources (18.6%) for care.

    The strongest correlates of using formal providers were substance use disorder (OR=15.62), Medicare insurance (OR=10.31) and psychological distress (OR=10.27).

    The strongest correlates of using informal sources were perceiving little or no support from religious/spiritual beliefs (OR=21.65), cognitive disorder (OR=19.71) and having a confidant (OR=1507).

    Conclusions

    Contrary to elderly African-Americans in general, those in public housing rely more on formal than informal sources for mental health problems. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Besoin utilisateur, Service santé, Santé mentale, Logement public, Noir américain, Négroïde, Vieillard, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : User need, Health service, Mental health, Public housing, Black American, Negroid, Elderly, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0349040

    Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 27/11/1998.