The purpose of this study was to estimate the financial costs of disability pension in order to compare the financial burden and the numerical distribution of disability pension by main diagnostic groups.
During three months all new disability pensions (n=944) granted in Malmöhus county were registered.
During a follow-up of approximately two and a half years, 40 subjects died and 15 pensions expired.
The predominating diagnoses were musculoskeletal diseases, mental disorders including alcohol dependence, cardiovascular and neurological diseases.
To analyse whether these proportions changed when the extent of the pension, age at pension and the retirement allowance were considered, the present value of the total retirement allowances was calculated.
The ranking of the four predominating diagnosis categories was not affected by the extent of the pension or the age at which the pension was granted.
Thus, musculoskeletal diseases still predominated, although the proportion decreased.
Among unemployed subjects, mental disorders made the largest contribution to the total expenditure.
The results gained may be used in further research where alternatives to disability pension for different groups of patients and/or diagnoses are investigated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Protection sociale, Diagnostic, Coût, Dépense, Economie santé, Suède, Europe, Homme, Age, Pension d'invalidité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Welfare aids, Diagnosis, Costs, Expenditure, Health economy, Sweden, Europe, Human, Age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0340044
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 27/11/1998.