We evaluated the role of occupational factors on the prevalence of self-reported asthma, chronic bronchitis, and asthma-like respiratory symptoms among women = 55 yr.
Occupational history, smoking, and respiratory conditions were collected through an interviewer-administered questionnaire from 1,226 women.
Lung function data from 820 subjects were used for group « validation » of the outcome variables.
Significant associations were observed between the respiratory conditions and occupational groupings based on the longest occupation held.
Artists, writers, decorators, and photographers (odds ratio [OR]=3.1), and women in service occupations (OR=2.4) had a significantly increased risk of asthma.
The odds of asthma-like symptoms was significantly elevated among nurses and other nonphysician health workers (OR=2.9), social workers (OR=2.9), and homemakers (OR=2.4).
Exposure to dusts, gas, vapors, fumes, or sensitizers was associated with a significantly increased odds of asthma (OR=1.8) and with a marginally significant increased odds of asthma-like symptoms (OR=1.4).
Smoking accounted for a large proportion of asthma and asthma-like conditions in this population (population attributable risk [PAR]=40.5% and 35.0%, respectively) ; employment in occupations with a high probability of exposures to dusts, gas, vapors, fumes, or sensitizers also contributed significantly to the burden of asthma (PAR=15.1 to 20.0%) and asthma-like symptoms (PAR=7.5 to 10.2%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Prévalence, Bronchite, Chronique, Milieu professionnel, Profession, Tabagisme, Exposition professionnelle, Facteur milieu, Facteur risque, Médecine travail, Epidémiologie, Femelle, Adulte, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Bronche pathologie, Poumon pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Prevalence, Bronchitis, Chronic, Occupational environment, Profession, Tobacco smoking, Occupational exposure, Environmental factor, Risk factor, Occupational medicine, Epidemiology, Female, Adult, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Bronchus disease, Lung disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0335080
Code Inist : 002B11B. Création : 27/11/1998.