In contrast to European countries and the United States of America, there has been a steady increase in the psychiatric impatient population in Japan between 1960 and 1993.
Japan has the biggest number of psychiatric beds in the world, both in absolute and relative numbers per population.
However, Japan now focuses on community based services and the human rights of patients.
In other Asian countries, the number of psychiatric beds is relatively small ; however, the numbers are increasing each year in China, the Republic of Korea, Philippines, Indonesia and in many other countries in Asia.
These countries are still facing the challenge of increasing psychiatric services and to improve the quality of care with scarce mental health resources.
Should Asian countries take the similar path to European countries and develop mental health services ?
This review provides an overview of Asian mental health services and discussing the following issues :
how many psychiatric beds do we need in Asia ? public vs private psychiatric services ? financing scheme to promote community based care in Asia ;
mental health services in primary health care ;
family education and user involvement in Asia ;
and the challenge for psychiatrists in Asia.
Mots-clés Pascal : Organisation santé, Santé mentale, Asie, Etude transculturelle, Economie santé, Hospitalisation, Article synthèse, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Public health organization, Mental health, Asia, Crosscultural study, Health economy, Hospitalization, Review, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0334142
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 27/11/1998.