Survey of U.S. optometrists regarding prevalence and treatment of visual stress symptoms.
International conference on human-computer interactions. HCI international'95. San Francisco CA, USA ; Tokyo, JPN, 1997/08/24.
Each day, eye doctors across the country experience the impact which computer eyestrain places on their VDT patients.
This study examines the current magnitude of the treatment task, the view of the situation from those professionals responding to the challenge and the tools and procedures now employed to address the needs of computer patients.
Questionnaires were mailed to 7,182 randomly selected members of the American Optometric Association, using a list of 21,546 names.
For the 1,230 respondents, 15.7% of their total monthly primary-care eye examinations were performed specifically to treat symptoms related to the use of the video display terminal (VDT).
Doctors were unable to define a confident diagnosis and treatment plan for 6.8% of non-VDT patients and for 13.5% of VDT patients.
The survey included a list of nine visual stress symptoms which respondents ranked according to frequency of occurrence among VDT patients and how characteristic each symptom was compared to non-VDT workers.
Symptoms which were scored as high frequency and more characteristic of VDT workers include : eyestrain (mean rank=2.0), headache (mean rank=3.68), and dry or irritated eyes (mean rank=3.83).
Blurred vision was also ranked as a frequently occurring symptom (mean rank=3.65), but it was equally characteristic of VDT and non-VDT workers.
The doctors specified which of five near-point diagnostic tests they used for their VDT patients. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Fatigue visuelle, Ordinateur, Ecran visualisation, Symptomatologie, Prévalence, Enquête, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Méthodologie, Pratique professionnelle, Médecin, Diagnostic, Traitement, Optométrie, Homme, Oeil pathologie, Trouble vision, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Visual fatigue, Computer, Display screen, Symptomatology, Prevalence, Survey, United States, North America, America, Methodology, Professional practice, Physician, Diagnosis, Treatment, Optometry, Human, Eye disease, Vision disorder, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0331508
Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 27/11/1998.