International Conference on Home and Community Care for Persons living with HIV/AIDS. Amsterdam, NLD, 1997/05.
Sexually acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection continues to be the major source of HIV infection in the USA.
Preventing sexual transmission of HIV can be accomplished through patient behaviour change.
Such behaviour change can also decrease risk of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unwanted pregnancies, both far more common problems than HIV infection.
Primary care physicians and other providers can increase patients'safe sex practices by conducting effective sexual risk assessment (RA) and risk reduction (RR) counselling, but physicians both infrequently and incompletely do sexual RA and RR.
A programme was developed to improve primary care physicians'prevention practice using Simulated Patient Instructors (SPIs) and mailed educational materials.
Programme evaluations showed improved sexual RA and RR practice both by self-report as well as by observation by Simulated Patient Evaluators (SPEs).
This paper briefly reviews these findings and then presents adaptations made to improve the programme's content, decrease its cost and increase its availability for training many other care providers.
Evaluation of the adapted programme indicates that content and training methods are highly regarded by a diverse array of trainees.
To disseminate the modified programme beyond the local area, a Train-the-Trainer programme and manual have been developed, including discussion of recruiting, training and using SPIs for sexual risk reduction. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Asymptomatique, Prévention, Soin santé primaire, Education santé, Comportement sexuel, Formation professionnelle, Personnel sanitaire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Asymptomatic, Prevention, Primary health care, Health education, Sexual behavior, Occupational training, Health staff, United States, North America, America, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0322248
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 27/11/1998.