Strategies for providing care and support to children orphaned by AIDs.
International Conference on Home and Community Care for Persons living with HIV/AIDS. Amsterdam, NLD, 1997/05.
As a result of the severe HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan countries such as Zimbabwe, where between 25-30% of the adult population are estimated to be infected, there are a growing number of orphans requiring care and support.
Traditionally, orphans have been absorbed within the extended family but this is becoming more difficult because of the large number of young adults dying.
The burden of care and support is falling on the very young and the very old.
A number of strategies have been introduced to provide this care and support.
Institutions. though popular, are very expensive to run, have limited capacity and only really cater for physical needs.
Interventions which simply react to those who present to them may not reach the most needy and may encourage dependency.
Community-based orphan care has been identified as the best and most cost-effective way of caring for orphans.
An example of a community-based orphan visiting programme is presented.
In the last six months of 1996, the FOCUS programme's 88 volunteers made a total of 9,634 visits to 3,192 orphans in 798 families at an average cost of US$1.55 per visit.
The key elements of such programmes have been identified.
They need to be implemented by a community-based organization (CBO) within a defined community.
Volunteers should be selected from within the community.
They need to be trained and supported as they enumerate orphans, identify the most needy and carry out regular visits. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Organisation santé, Zimbabwe, Afrique, Support social, Placement familial, Adoption, Enfant, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit, Orphelin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Public health organization, Zimbabwe, Africa, Social support, Foster care placement, Adoption, Child, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0320922
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 27/11/1998.