The proportion of injection drug users (IDUs) testing positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in British Columbia has increased from 3 to 7% since January 1993 (Patrick et al., 1997).
We conducted a qualitative study as a first step in a case control investigation aimed at identifying risk factors associated with HIV seroconversion.
Sixteen subjects participated in in-depth interviews which were transcribed and analysed using grounded theory methods.
Three dominant themes emerged : Addiction, Prevention, and Social Determinants.
The results suggest that prevention efforts such as the availability of clean needles and condoms are not adequate to combat the complex social determinants of addiction-be they causal or consequential-which in turn contribute to unsafe injection practices.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Facteur risque, Prévention, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Colombie britannique, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Risk factor, Prevention, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, British Columbia, Canada, North America, America, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0320507
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 27/11/1998.