We argue the advantages of a measure profiling common problems faced by psychiatric patients in the community and indicating a likely need for service recognition, review and possible assistance.
We describe the development of such a measure, the 35-item Profile of Community Psychiatry Clients (PCPC), and the identification of four relevant domains.
Component scales assess coping limitations, behavioural problems, levels of social support and organic problems.
High test-retest reliability was established, and a number of tests of the measure's validity were undertaken.
Discriminant validity was established by demonstrating that those case managed by a community mental health service returned significantly higher scale scores than a comparison group who, while having a similar diagnostic profile, were not case managed.
Additionally, scale scores were associated with a number of categorical and dimensional validators reflecting aspects of service need, and distinctly with service costs.
We demonstrate that PCPC scores correspond with scores generated by the Life Skills Profile (LSP), a measure of disability, and examine the extent to which PCPC scales correspond to those contained in the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS).
We argue for the scale's capacity to provide both a profile of central problems faced by patients and their likely need for community-based service assistance.
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychométrie, Echelle évaluation, Besoin utilisateur, Service santé, Santé mentale, Validité discriminante, Validation test, Homme, Profile of Community Psychiatry Clients
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Psychometrics, Evaluation scale, User need, Health service, Mental health, Discriminant validity, Test validation, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0320376
Code Inist : 002B18B01. Création : 27/11/1998.