Risk of blood contamination of health care workers in spine surgery : A study of 324 cases.
The relative risk of blood contamination during spine surgery was studied using data collected from 324 procedures.
To analyze demographic factors that predict blood-borne pathogens in the population of spine surgery patients, study the rates and patterns of blood contamination in health care workers (i.e., skin-penetrating incidents and nonpenetrating surface skin contamination from patients'blood) and compare those risks with those in other surgical departments, and analyze the effectiveness of barrier systems worn by the surgical team. of Background Data.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has reported 49 health care workers infected by the human immunodeficiency virus through occupational exposure.
Several studies have noted the risk of blood contamination in various surgical departments, but the relative risk during spine surgery has not been determined.
This year-long survey included 9795 cases, or 60,789 health care worker-patient contacts, of which spine disorders comprised 324 cases (2234 health care workers and patients).
Data collection forms were designed and inservice training conducted with operating room staffs.
Information regarding type of case, staff position (surgeon, assistant, scrub nurse, circulator), protective clothing worn, length of operating room time, blood loss, incidence of blood spills, was recorded, among other data. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Equipe soignante, Chirurgie, Moelle épinière, Facteur risque, Contamination, Projection, Sang, Prévention, Doublement, Gant, Etude statistique, Homme, Infection
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health care staff, Surgery, Spinal cord, Risk factor, Contamination, Projection, Blood, Prevention, Doubling, Glove, Statistical study, Human, Infection
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0310985
Code Inist : 002B25H. Création : 27/11/1998.