Distress symptoms among urban African American children and adolescents : A psychometric evaluation of the checklist of Children's Distress Symptoms.
To explore the factor structure of the Checklist of Children's Distress Symptoms (CCDS) ; to examine whether there is a higher-order single construct underlying the CCDS measure ; and, to assess the association between children's distress symptoms, as reflected by the CCDS factors, and children's self-reported exposure to community violence (both victimization and witness events).
Community-based cross-sectional survey.
Ten public housing developments in an eastern metropolis.
A total of 349 low-income urban African American children and adolescents (198 males ; 151 females), 9 through 15 years of age.
Children's distress symptoms, exposure to community violence, and selected demographic information including parental education, parental employment status, perceived health status, and school performance.
Analysis : Exploratory factor analysis was performed to determine the factorial structure of the CCDS measure.
Second-order confirmatory factor analysis was performed to determine if there is a higher-order single underlying construct among CCDS factors.
Pearson correlation coefficients were computed to assess the relationship between exposure to violence and CCDS factors.
The exploratory factor analysis yielded a 6-factor solution for the CCDS measure with satisfactory internal consistency.
The confirmatory factor model with a single second-order construct yielded a good fit to the data. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement détresse, Dépistage, Etude transversale, Noir américain, Facteur risque, Zone urbaine, Etiologie, Milieu familial, Environnement socioculturel, Prévention, Adolescent, Homme, Enfant, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Système nerveux pathologie, Psychopathologie, Education santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Distress behavior, Medical screening, Cross sectional study, Black American, Risk factor, Urban area, Etiology, Family environment, Sociocultural environment, Prevention, Adolescent, Human, Child, United States, North America, America, Nervous system diseases, Psychopathology, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0310760
Code Inist : 002B18D06. Création : 27/11/1998.