We screened 597 newly-diagnosed diabetic patients (201 women) mean ± SD age 42.3±6.2 years to determine the prevalence of diabetic complications ; 22% presented because of symptoms of diabetes, 27% were diagnosed when hyperglycaemia was discovered at a health screening, and 36% were diagnosed while being treated for intercurrent illness.
Neuropathy was present in 25.1%, nephropathy in 29%, retinopathy in 15%, coronary vascular disease in 21%, stroke in 5.6%, peripheral vascular disease in 4.8%, hypertension in 23%, obesity in 16%, central obesity in 21.3%, hypercholesterolaemia in 11%, hypertriglyceridaemia in 14%, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in 12%. The prevalence of coronary vascular disease, hypertension, stroke, neuropathy and retinopathy at the time of diagnosis were higher in our patients than in Caucasian and Indo-Asian patients in the UK.
Both a genetic predisposition to develop complications, and exposure to a longer duration of asymptomatic hyperglycaemia due to poor access to adequate health care, may contribute to the high frequency of complications at diagnosis.
Since complications are already present at diagnosis, there is a case for implementing primary prevention programmes combined with screening for diabetes in high-risk groups.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète non insulinodépendant, Dépistage, Prévalence, Enquête utilité publique, OMS, Diagnostic, Complication, Long terme, Programme Information Questionnaire, Sri Lanka, Asie, Pays en développement, Homme, Endocrinopathie, Organisation santé, Education santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non insulin dependent diabetes, Medical screening, Prevalence, Inquiry for public prosals, WHO, Diagnosis, Complication, Long term, Programme Information Questionnaire, Sri Lanka, Asia, Developing countries, Human, Endocrinopathy, Public health organization, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0310187
Code Inist : 002B21E01A. Création : 27/11/1998.