logo BDSP

Base documentaire


  1. Changes in liver cirrhosis death rates in different countries in relation to per capita alcohol consumption and Alcoholics Anonymous membership.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    This study examines how trends in liver cirrhosis relate to per capita alcohol consumption and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) membership in 33 countries between 1965 and 1991.

    It was expected that reductions in liver cirrhosis deaths seen in many countries would be related to both decreased consumption and increased AA membership.

    Method 

    Data on liver cirrhosis death rates, alcohol consumption and AA membership were gathered from a variety of international sources.

    The data were analyzed with regression analyses (Ordinary Least Squares).

    Results 

    Cirrhosis deaths and alcohol consumption levels were positively related in all analyses.

    In two of the four analyses, the negative relationship between cirrhosis deaths and AA group rates was marginally significant.

    Conclusions 

    Liver cirrhosis rates were strongly related to alcohol consumption and showed some relationship to AA group rates.

    The modest impact of AA may be due to the weakness of the true relationship but also to incompleteness in the cirrhosis and AA data in some countries.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Boisson alcoolisée, Toxicité, Cirrhose, Foie, Mortalité, Prévalence, Etude transculturelle, Epidémiologie, Traitement, Sevrage toxique, Alcoolique anonyme, Santé mentale, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Alcoholic beverage, Toxicity, Cirrhosis, Liver, Mortality, Prevalence, Crosscultural study, Epidemiology, Treatment, Poison withdrawal, Alcoholics anonymous, Mental health, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 98-0309415

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 27/11/1998.