The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in the effects of exercise training between those with a parental history of hypertension and those without such a history.
A group of 39 middle-aged hypertensive women were submitted to a 4-month exercise training programme.
On the basis of their family histories, 18 individuals were classified as those having a positive parental history of hypertension (group P) and 21 individuals as those without such a history (group N).
Both groups participated in a supervised training programme with the intensity set at the level producing the threshold lactate concentration for 90-120 min twice a week. together with self-determined aerobic exercise three times a week.
Vital age was estimated to determine the health-fitness status.
At the end of the training, group N exhibited reductions in the systolic and diastolic blood pressures at rest (12.6 8.0 mmHg) and increases in the peak oxygen uptake [VO2peak 21.1 (SD 5.2) vs 25.2 (SD 5.7) ml. kg-1. min-1] and oxygen uptake corresponding to lactate threshold [13.7 (SD 2.4) vs 17.0 (SD 2.0) ml. kg-1. min-1 ; P<0.05]. Group P also showed reductions in the resting blood pressures (8.9 2.9 mmHg : P<0.05), with no change in VO2peak (P>0.05).
There were no changes in the blood lipid and haematocrit variables in either group.
The vital age decreased by approximately 4 and 7 years (P<0.05) for groups P and N, respectively. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Exercice physique, Entraînement physique, Antécédent, Consommation oxygène, Pression sanguine, Hypertension artérielle, Hémodynamique, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Homme, Femelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical exercise, Physical training, Antecedent, Oxygen consumption, Blood pressure, Hypertension, Hemodynamics, Cardiovascular disease, Human, Female
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0308782
Code Inist : 002B12B05B. Création : 27/11/1998.