Panic disorder : history and epidemiology.
Panic and depression : from epidemiology to treatment. Satellite symposium. Melbourne, AUS ; London, GBR, 1996/06/23 - 1996/07/07.
Panic has not always been recognised as an exclusively psychiatric condition.
Research in this area continued along separate medical and psychological axes until 1980, when the development of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) - III criteria established the overall concept of panic disorder.
The lifetime prevalence of DSM-III panic disorder and repeated panic attacks, defined as the average of individual estimates from six studies, are 2.7% and 7.1% of the general population, respectively.
Females are almost twice as likely as males to suffer panic disorder, and about seven times as likely to suffer repeated panic attacks.
Overall, panic disorder or panic attacks occur in up to one in ten of the general population.
The prevalence of panic disorder and panic attacks, their associations with other conditions, and their time courses have been investigated in a prospective epidemiological study in Zurich, Switzerland, in which 591 individuals were followed for 15 years.
The validity of panic disorder and panic attacks as genuine psychological phenomena are attested to by their positive associations with a family history of panic disorder, elevated risk of suicide, lifetime treatment for psychiatric disorders, and especially treatment with prescribed medication and substantial work and social impairment. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Panique, Historique, Epidémiologie, Association morbide, Trouble psychiatrique, Trouble humeur, Evolution, Article synthèse, Homme, Trouble anxieux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Panic, Case history, Epidemiology, Concomitant disease, Mental disorder, Mood disorder, Evolution, Review, Human, Anxiety disorder
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0308190
Code Inist : 002B18C08A. Création : 27/11/1998.