Very little research has been devoted to the design of epidemiological tools for the monitoring and evaluation of National Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) Control Programmes and daily management decisions are made in the absence of accurate knowledge of the situation.
This paper identifies key indicators necessary to make decisions in the field and constantly adjust control activities to changing situations.
Examples are derived from the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) HAT Control Programme in Adjumani, Uganda.
Based on the principles of quality assurance, the focus is placed on process indicators.
A conceptual framework derived from a system view/planning cycle perspective is also described for the construction of indicators.
Finally, some specific challenging aspects of the epidemiology of HAT are presented and the limitations of the interpretation of the indicators discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trypanosomiase, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Trypanosoma gambiense, Kinetoplastida, Protozoa, Programme sanitaire, Indicateur, Surveillance sanitaire, Lutte sanitaire, Méthodologie, Afrique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trypanosomiasis, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Trypanosoma gambiense, Kinetoplastida, Protozoa, Sanitary program, Indicator, Sanitary surveillance, Sanitary control, Methodology, Africa, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0304705
Code Inist : 002B05E02B6. Création : 27/11/1998.