The objective of this study was to examine the effect of family and neighborhood income on health care use of young children born prematurely and of low birth weight (N=619).
A birth cohort was enrolled in a clinical randomized trial of early childhood educational and family services.
Infant Health and Development Program provided a sample of low birth weight premature infants stratified by clinical site, birth weight, and treatment group.
Maternal reports of health care use, family income, and heath insurance were obtained at 12,24, and 36 months of corrected age.
Neighborhood income was based on census tract residence at birth.
Maternal reports of hospitalizations, doctor visits, and emergency department visits were used ; data were averaged over the child's first 3 years of life.
Children from poorer families were more likely to be hospitalized and to have more emergency department visits than were children from more affluent families.
Residence in poor and middle-income neighborhoods was associated with more emergency department visits than residence in affluent neighborhoods.
Families in middle-income neighborhoods reported more doctor visits than families in poor or affluent neighborhoods.
Neighborhood residence influences health care use by poor and nonpoor families and by insured and uninsured families. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance faible, Prématuré, Etude cohorte, Soin intégré, Milieu familial, Quartier voisinage, Pauvreté, Randomisation, Facteur efficacité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Pédiatrie, Education santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low birth weight, Premature, Cohort study, Managed care, Family environment, Neighbourhood, Poverty, Randomization, Effectiveness factor, United States, North America, America, Pediatrics, Health education
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0302578
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 27/11/1998.