Soil ingestion by humans : A review of history, data, and etiology with application to risk assessment of radioactively contaminated soil.
Ingestion of soil by humans has been a documented phenomenon for centuries and still takes place today according to various literature.
The literature reviewed here shows that there are two distinct soil ingestion phenomenon : inadvertent and purposeful (geophagia).
Certain lifestyles, occupations, and living conditions will likely put different individuals or different groups at risk to these separate, but sometimes related, phenomenon.
In particular, reports of geophagia are relatively common for the life stages of adolescence and periods of growth, and during pregnancy and lactation.
Geophagia also appears to be relatively common among indigenous peoples on all continents, sometimes taking place to extreme degrees.
Because of their high dependence on the land, indigenous peoples are also at highest risk for inadvertent ingestion.
Inadvertent intake is more a function of either primitive living conditions or professions that may bring workers into close and continual contact with the soil. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Radiocontamination, Pollution sol, Analyse risque, Etiologie, Ingestion, Homme, Impact environnement, Géophagie, Condition physiologique, Aspect culturel
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Radioactive contamination, Soil pollution, Risk analysis, Etiology, Ingestion, Human, Environment impact, Geophagia, Physiological condition, Cultural aspect
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0302176
Code Inist : 001D16D01. Création : 27/11/1998.