To test how prevalence estimates and characteristics of children vary by the way that disability is defined.
Specifically, to determine 1) the proportions of children identified as disabled by one particular operationalization of disability based on parental reports of three types of consequences (ie, functional limitations [FL]), dependence on compensatory mechanisms (CD), and service use or need beyond routine [SU/N]), and 2) whether children identified as disabled by these three types of consequences differ by type of disorder or condition, age, socioeconomic status, or race.
We analyzed a national dataset representing a random sample of 712 households with 1388 children.
The Questionnaire for Identifying Children with Chronic Conditions (QuICCC) was used to identify children with disabling conditions.
We divided the QuICCC items into three discrete sets, reflecting three definitional components of disability, and compared the proportions and characteristics of children fitting these components separately and in combination.
Using the QuICCC definition of disability, SU/N identified the largest proportion of children (72%), followed by CD (55%) and FLs (49%). Forty-four percent of children were identified by only one component, 36% by two components in any combination, and 20% by all three components. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Handicap, Diagnostic, Définition, Méthode mesure, Variabilité, Prévalence, Enfant, Homme, Etude comparative
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Handicap, Diagnosis, Definition, Measurement method, Variability, Prevalence, Child, Human, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 98-0298694
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 27/11/1998.